Afsana nigari in urdu
Urdu literature is mostly popular in Pakistanwhere Urdu is the national language and Indiawhere it is an official language. It is also widely understood in Afghanistan. Urdu developed in the Delhi region. Urdu literature originated some time around the 14th century in present-day North India among the sophisticated gentry of the courts. The continuing traditions of Islam and patronisations of foreign culture centuries earlier by Muslim rulers, usually of Turkic or Afghan descent, marked their influence on the Urdu language given that both cultural heritages were strongly present throughout Urdu territory.
The Urdu language, with a vocabulary almost evenly split between Sanskrit -derived Prakrit and Arabo - Persian words, was a reflection of this cultural amalgamation.
Amir Khusro exercised great influence on the initial growth of not only Urdu literature, but the language itself which only truly took shape as distinguished from both Persian and proto- Hindi around the 14th century.
He is credited with the systematization of northern Indian classical musicincluding Hindustani musicand he wrote works both in Persian and Hindavi. While the couplets that come down from him are representative of a latter- Prakrit Hindi bereft of Arabo-Persian vocabulary, his influence on court viziers and writers must have been transcendental, for a century after his death Quli Qutub Shah was speaking a language that might be considered to be Urdu.
He also wrote poetry in Telugu language, Persian language and Urdu language. It is said that the Urdu language acquired the status of a literary language due to his contributions.
He died in the year Sayyid Shamsullah Qadri is considered as the first researcher of Deccaniyat. Urdu literature was generally composed more of poetry than of prose. These long stories have complicated plots that deal with magical and otherwise fantastic creatures and events. The genre originated in the Middle East and was disseminated by folk storytellers.
It was assimilated by individual authors. Dastan plots are based both on folklore and classical literary subjects. Dastan was particularly popular in Urdu literature, typologically close to other narrative genres in Eastern literatures, such as Persian masnawi, Punjabi qissa, Sindhi waqayati bait, etc.
Most of the narrative dastans were recorded in the early nineteenth century, representing the inclusion of 'wandering' motifs borrowed from the folklore of the Middle East, central Asia and northern India. Tazkiras, are compilations of literary memoirs that include verses and maxims of the great poets along with biographical information and commentaries on their styles.
They are often a collection of names with a line or two of information about each poet, followed by specifics about his composition. Some of these tazkiras give biographical details, and a little idea of the style or poetical power is transmitted. Even the large anthologies do not systematically review an author's work. Most of them have the names in alphabetical order, but one or two are ordered by historical chronology. The majority quote only lyrics, and the quotations are usually chosen randomly.
Urdu poetry reached its peak in the 19th century. The most well-developed form of poetry is the ghazalknown for its quality and quantity within the Urdu tradition.
Urdu poets influenced by English and other European-language poetry began writing sonnets in Urdu in the early 20th century. Initially, Urdu novels focused on urban social life, eventually widening in scope to include rural social life. They also covered the changing times under the progressive writing movement inspired by Sajjad Zaheer.
However, the partition of India had a great impact on the novel, bringing up questions of identity and migration as can be seen in the major works of Abdullah Hussain and Quratul Ain Haider.Index of Books Book Categories. Book Categories Autobiography Banned Books Biography Drama 2.
Magazines 1. Nazm Personality Pratham Books Science 6. Story Text Books 8. Constitution 3. Diary Dictionary Directory 2. Drama Economics Education Essays Profiles Dastaan Moral and Ethical Novel Short Stories Film Songs Geography Hikayaat Cultural History History Of Literature Indian He is widely recognised as a leading literary figure of Pakistan. His exact date of birth is not known, sources indicate that he was born on 21 Decemberor After passing the Intermediate Examination high school equivalent in the USA inhe gained a bachelor's degree and a master's degree in Urdu literature at Meerut College in and respectively.
They had no children. He wrote short stories, novels and poetry in Urduand also literary columns for Dawn newspaper and Daily Express newspaper. Aagay Sumandar Hai Sea is facing you in the front contrasts the spiraling urban violence of contemporary Karachi with a vision of the lost Islamic realm of al-Andalus in modern Spain. Hussain believed that two forces had risen in contemporary Pakistan : women and the mullahs. He also acknowledged his study and the influence of Buddhist texts and the Mahabharata.
Pritchett translated his Urdu novel Basti into English. Newsweek Pakistan called him "Pakistan's most accomplished living author" in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Intizar Hussain. Dawn newspaper. Retrieved 3 February The Guardian.
Newsweek Pakistan. Man Booker Prize. Retrieved 1 February The Daily Tribune. BBC News. The Indian Express. The Express Tribune.
Ministry of Culture. Oxford University Press. HarperCollins India. The New York Review of Books. Chaand Gahan. Ajmal-I Azam. Surakh Tamgha. Qissa Kahanian. Apni Danist Mein. Sanjh Publications.He also worked on English.
He was a prolific writer, penning over 20 novels, 30 collections of short stories and scores of radio plays in Urdu, and later, after partition of the country, took to writing in Hindi as well.
He also wrote screen-plays for Bollywood movies to supplement his meagre income as an author of satirical stories. Autobiography of a Donkey have been translated into over 16 Indian languages and some foreign languages, including English. His short story "Annadata" trans: The Giver of Grain — an obsequious appellation used by Indian peasants for their feudal land-ownerswas made into the film Dharti Ke Lal by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas — which led to his being offered work regularly as a screenwriter by Bollywoodincluding such populist hits as Mamta and Sharafat He wrote his film scripts in Urdu.
Chander was born in BharatpurRajasthan where his father worked as a doctor. Chander spent his childhood in Poonchin the state of Jammu and Kashmirwhere his father worked as the physician of Maharaja Poonch.
Mitti Ke Sanam one of his most popular novel is about the childhood memories of a young boy who lived with his parents in Kashmir. His another memorable novel is "Gaddar", which is about the partition of India and Pakistan in In this novel, he brilliantly picturised the sufferings of the people during that time through a selfish young man's feelings, who himself was a gaddar betrayer.
His short stories are the stories of Kashmiri villages, as well as those of displaced expatriates and rootless urban man. He used Pahari dialect of people living in Poonch words while writing in Urdu. In the s he studied at Forman Christian College and edited the English section of the college house magazine, and was at that time interested in English writings. As the then editor of the Urdu section of the magazine, Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi was instrumental to his career in having got published, in the yearChander's first Urdu short story, "Sadhu".
His literary masterpieces on the Bengal famine and the savagery and barbarism that took place at the time of the partition of India in are some of the finest specimens of modern Urdu literature, but at other times too he continued relentlessly to critique the abuse of power, poverty and the suffering of the wretched of the earth; but above all he never stopped protesting casteism, fanaticism, communal violence and terror. He was a humanist and a cosmopolitan. He has been described as the "author of more than books including novels, collections of short stories, plays, fantasies, satires, parodies, reportages, film-scripts and books for children",  which include:.
Short Story Collection. Chander married Salma Siddiqui. He died working at his desk in Mumbai on 8 March He had just started to write a satirical essay entitled Adab baray-e-Batakh Literature for a duckand wrote just one line Noorani ko bachpan hi se paltoo janwaron ka shauq tha. Kabootar, bandar, rang barangi chiriyaan… since childhood Noorani was fond of pet animals such as pigeons, monkeys, multi-coloured birds… but before he could complete the sentence he succumbed to a massive heart attack.
His statue has also been erected in the middle of the garden. Krishan Chander Chopra had married twice. His first wife was Vidyawati Chopra.
They had total three children from the wedlock. Two daughters and one son. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. MumbaiMaharashtraIndia. Film World.Ashfaq Ahmed was born on 22 August in Ferozpur. He completed his M. College Lahore.
He also gained a training diploma in broadcasting from Newyork University. Ashfaq Ahmed died of Pancreatic cancer on September 7, in Urdu. Urdu ke nabgha afsana nigar, drama nigar aur nasar nigar Ashfaq Ahmed 22 August ko zila Ferozpur mein Dr. Muhammad Khan ke han peda hue. College Lahore se ap ne M.L 49 Urdu Afsana ka Funny jaeza
Watan wapsi aa kar unho ne Adbi Mujalla go dastaan jari kiya, jo Urdu ke Offist tabaat mein chapne wale ibtedai risalon mein shumar kiya jata hai. Unho ne do saal haft roza Lel-o-Nahar ki adarat bhi ki. Wo mein markazi Urdu board ke director muqarrar hue. Jo bad mein Urdu Science board mein tabdeel ho gaya.
Wo tak is idarey se wabasta rahe. Ashfaq Ahmed un naamwar adeebon mein shamil hai, jo qeyam-e- Pakistan ke forun bad adbi ufaq par numaya hue. Unho ne Urdu mein Punjabi alfaz ka takhleeqi tor par istemaal kiya aur ek khobsurat shagufta nasar eijaad ki, jo inhe ka wasaf samjhi jati hai. Urdu adab mein kahani likhne ke fun par Ashfaq Ahmed ko jitna aboor tha, wo kam logon ke hisse mein aya. Ek mohabbat sau afsane aur ujle phool in ke ibtedai afsanon ke majmoey hai.
Bad mein safar dar safar safarnamakhel kahani novelaik mohabbat so afsanay drama drama aut tota kahani drame in ki numaya tasaneef ban kar samne aae. Adakar Qaumi Khan is mein pehli martaba Hero ke tor par aae the.
Umdah kahani, mauseeqi aur kirdar nigari ke bawajood film box office par na kamiyab ho gai. Tota kahani aur manchale ka sauda mein wo tasoof ki tarha maeyl nazar aae aur is baat ko le kar un par khasi tanqeed ki gae. Ashfaq Ahmed apne dramon mein plot se ziyada mukalmey par zoor dete the aur un ke kiradar taweel guftugo karte the.
Kuch arsey tak wo Pakistan Television par zawiya ke naam se ek program karte rahe, jis mein wo apne makhsoos andaaz mein qisse aur kahaniyan sunate the.
Afsana Nigari Waqar Azeem
Jigar ki rasoli ki wajah se 7 september ke roz in ka inteqaal hua. Unho ne apne pasmandigaan mein ek bewah Bano qudsiya aur teen bete chore hai. Raja gidh novel ki khaliq Bano Qudsiya Urdu ki maroof adeeba hai. Ashfaq Ahmed ne apne kaam ke hawale se jahan dunya bhar se daad sameti, wahe ek makhsoos halqe ki taraf se in par khasi tanqeed bhi hui.
Is ke bawajood aane wale zamane mein jab bhi in ka naam liya jae. Ek munfarid afsana nigar, ek be-badal nasar nigar aur ek mutabar danishwar ke tor par liya jaega. Welcome to Urdubiography. Zulfiqar Ali Butto. Benazir Bhutto. Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi. Shahbaz Sharif. Parveen Shakir. Copy right www.A contemporary of Manto, associated with the Progressive Writers Movement, known for his stories of romance and social realism.
Krishan Chander. Index of Books Book Categories. Book Categories Autobiography Banned Books Biography Drama 2. Magazines 1. Nazm Personality Pratham Books Science 6. Story Text Books 8. Constitution 3. Diary Dictionary Directory 2.
Drama Economics Index of Books Book Categories. Book Categories Autobiography Banned Books Biography Drama 2. Magazines 1. Nazm Personality Pratham Books Science 6. Story Text Books 8. Constitution 3. Diary Dictionary Directory 2. Drama Economics Education Essays Profiles Dastaan Moral and Ethical Novel Short Stories Film Songs Geography Hikayaat Cultural History History Of Literature Indian World Prose Idioms Interviews Islamiyat